The rehearsal of the Battle of Britain.
The turning point of the war in Europe is clearly the Battle of Britain since if Germany had defeated the Royal Air Force and conquered Britain, Germany could have taken control of Europe. In 1940, most of Europe was under the control of Germany. After the fall of France, the victorious German soldiers paraded through the Champs-Élysées, the famous boulevard of Paris. France’s surrender in June 1940 left Britain alone in the fight against Germany. Hitler had believed that Britain would seek peace with Germany after the fall of France, but Britain went ahead with the war alone. The British hoped that Hitler would order an invasion of their nation. Hitler prepared to cross the English Channel and invade southern England. However, before the Germans could invade, they had to defeat the Royal Air Force of Great Britain. The Battle of Britain, which began in July 1940, was the first battle to be fought to control the air.
In August 1940, the German air force, the Luftwaffe, led by a German man named Goering, second-in-command alongside Hitler, began attacking the bases of the Royal Air Force of Great Britain. The German Air Force consisted of 3,000 long-range bombers against only 600 aircraft made up of Americans, British and Free France. The advantage that Great Britain had been the speed of its small planes called Spitfires. The job of the German Luftwaffe at the start of the Battle of Britain was to put the Royal Air Force out of action. German planes outnumbered those of the Royal Air Force, but the British had a secret radar weapon. Radar stations along the coast of England warned approaching aircraft and helped the Royal Air Force intercept them.
Each side vastly overestimated the number of enemy planes it had shot down, but the British had an advantage over the German invaders.
The Battle of Britain exhausted the Luftwaffe of pilots because the Germans who were shot down over Britain spent the rest of the war in POW camps. In September 1940, the Luftwaffe mistakenly believed that it had destroyed the Royal Air Force. The Germans then stopped their attacks on the Royal Air Force bases and began to bombard London and other civilian targets. They hoped to weaken the morale of civilians and force Britain to surrender. The London bombing caused much destruction in the area. Londoners sought safety in the underground tunnels during the night attacks. The airstrikes known as the Blitz took place almost every night during the fall and winter. German bombardments were limited to nights after British fighter jets brought down many of the bombers in daylight. These attacks only caused the British response to be one of greater determination to fight. Most importantly, the British sent bombers to Berlin after German pilots bombed London, which damaged the morale of the Germans. In May 1941, Germany finally abandoned its attempts to defeat Britain from the air.
Hitler’s decision to end attacks on the Royal Air Force allowed Britain to rebuild its air force. Britain’s survival was immensely important later in the war because the country served as the basis for Europe’s allied liberation from Nazi rule. The Battle of Britain had also caused great admiration in America for the courage of the British people.
The Battle of Britain saved numerous countries from the rule of Nazi Germany. Even if Germany had defeated Britain, without the need to bomb London, the British would never have dispatched bombers to attack Berlin. It is important to note that later in the war there would have been no country in Great Britain to serve as a base for the Allies to liberate Europe from Nazi rule. If the Royal Air Force had failed to stop Germany, Hitler could have invaded southern England, thus taking complete control of Europe. This could have eventually led Germany to be the winner. from World War II.